For smaller countries, lacking urban centers of 750,000 or more, only the population of the capital is presented. . A government restructuring of the intelligence community established CISEN in 1989. This entry gives the annual percentage increase in industrial production (includes manufacturing, mining, and construction). Since 2007, Mexico's powerful drug-trafficking organizations have engaged in bloody feuding, resulting in tens of thousands of drug-related homicides. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country. All yearly references are for the calendar year (CY) unless indicated as a noncalendar fiscal year (FY). This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). The Mexican intelligence service, focused on drug trafficking since 1996, has disrupted some of the country’s drug cartels, but it has failed to stem their pervasive power and violence. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings. . feature, or our site navigation on the left to locate the information you seek. This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by water-driven turbines, expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. . . This entry provides the average annual price of a country's monetary unit for the time period specified, expressed in units of local currency per US dollar, as determined by international market forces or by official fiat. Our databases and networking allows access to nationwide information from most government agencies and other proven resources more efficiently. This entry is the total capacity of currently installed generators, expressed in kilowatts (kW), to produce electricity. . answer questions about employment beyond the information on this Web site, and we do not routinely This entry gives the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. residency requirement for naturalization: This entry gives the age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted. Image courtesy of USGS. This entry includes a wide variety of situations that range from traditional bilateral boundary disputes to unilateral claims of one sort or another. We go to great lengths to keep these channels secure, but any communication via the internet poses some risk. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. Mail: Inside the U.S., send mail to the following address: Central Intelligence Agency If you have information you think might interest CIA due to our foreign intelligence Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace m . Approximately 300,000 people live within 40 km (25 mi) of the volcano earning it designation as a Decade Volcano by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. The entry on Geographic coordinates may be helpful in finding some smaller countries. After 2G was launched, the previous mobile wireless network systems were retroactively dubbed 1G. Please know, CIA does not engage in law enforcement. . . This entry gives the number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water. This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. provide, including your identity, and our interactions with you will be respectful and The discrepancy between the amount of refined petroleum products produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors. Pico de Orizaba is part of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt that extends roughly east-west across Mexico. ): Gross national saving is derived by deducting final consumption expenditure (household plus government) from Gross national disposable income, and consists of personal saving, plus business saving (the sum of the capital consumption allowance and retained business profits), plus government saving (the excess of tax revenues over expenditures), but excludes foreign saving (the excess of imports of goods and services over exports). . . This entry shows where production takes place in an economy. issues, the CIA Recruitment Center does not accept resumes, nor can we return phone calls, e-mails . permanently to the US (not on vacation or leave), please visit the, To verify an employee's employment, please contact the, Biographic details, such as a photograph of yourself, and a copy of the biographic page These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. . Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. Files date from to 1945 to 2006. Unless otherwise noted, military estimates focus on the major services (army, navy, air force, and where applicable, gendarmeries) and do not account for activated reservists or delineate military service members assigned to joint staffs or defense ministries. daily. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags. . . . Mexico has become the US' second-largest export market and third-largest source of imports. . No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mexico 2020 information contained here. The discrepancy between the amount of natural gas produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes and other complicating factors. Or, you can send us a message using the Tor browser at ciadotgov4sjwlzihbbgxnqg3xiyrg7so2r2o3lt5wz5ypk4sxyjstad.onion. . Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Niger and Uganda to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. A negative . Proved reserves are those quantities of petroleum which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions. This entry gives estimates on spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). Mexico Intelligence Agencies: Office of Coordination of the Presidency Center for Research on National Security (CISEN) [1989- ] Centro de Información de Seguridad Nacional #ga-ad {display: none;} This entry lists a country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance, such as rare earth elements (REEs). This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.o.b. On January 30, 2017, the Robert Strauss Center was excited to welcome Guillermo Valdes Castellanos, former Director of Mexico's National Intelligence Agency … This entry records the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. The snow and ice-clad peak of Pico de Orizaba (also known as Citlaltepetl) boasts a summit elevation of 5,675 m (18,619 ft) above sea level, making it the highest peak in Mexico and North America?s highest volcano. . Such ambassadors fulfill all diplomatic functions except meeting with or appearing at functions attended by the president until such time as they formally present their credentials at a White Hou . . note: similar to the flag of Italy, which is shorter, uses lighter shades of green and red, and does not display anything in its white band. Snow-capped Colima Volcano, the most active volcano in Mexico, rises abruptly from the surrounding landscape in the state of Jalisco in the center of this false-color satellite image. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 4217 alphabetic currency code for the national medium of exchange is presented in parenthesis. Your diverse skills. 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